Cooperation with WHO
The history of the World Health Organization (WHO) dates back to April 7, 1948. Today, more than 7,000 people are staffed by 150 country offices, 6 regional offices and WHO headquarters in Geneva.
WHO is the body guiding and coordinating international health work within the UN system.
The main activities of WHO:
- Noncommunicable Diseases
- Infectious diseases
- Preparedness, surveillance and response
- Health promotion throughout life
- Health systems
- Corporate Services
WHO provides assistance to countries in coordinating the activities of numerous government departments and partner organizations (including bilateral and multilateral organizations, foundations, civil society organizations and representatives of the private sector) to achieve their health goals and support their national health policies and strategies.
"STEPS" -Investigation on identification of non-infectious disease risk factors
Belarus, like many other countries, has faced a growing burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), where circulatory system diseases (BCS) are the leading cause of death, accounting for 54.1% in 2009, and 55.5% in 2014 from the death rate from all causes. As in many other CIS countries, in Belarus over the past 10 years there has been a trend towards a decrease in the death rate from the BSC. Nevertheless, the overall mortality rate in Belarus is still much higher than the European average, and this discrepancy is mainly due to the higher death rate from BSC and the growing mortality rate from other NCDs. Solving problems related to SBR and diabetes is a priority task for the Ministry of Health of Belarus and the state as a whole.
The Ministry of Health, with the support of the World Health Organization (in accordance with the Material and Technical Assistance Project "Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases, promoting a healthy lifestyle and supporting the modernization of the health care system in the Republic of Belarus", Belmed, registered on November 20, 2015 under number 2/15 / 000783), work has begun on the preparation and conduct of a large-scale study to identify risk factors for non-communicable diseases at the national level "STEPS".
For this purpose, an interdepartmental Working Group was formed, comprising specialists from the Ministry of Health, the Republican Unitary Enterprise "Scientific and Practical Center for Hygiene", the State Institutions "Republican Scientific and Practical Center" Cardiology ", the Republican Scientific and Practical Center of Medical Technologies, Informatization , Management and Health Economics "and" Republican Center for Hygiene, Epidemiology and Public Health ", as well as the National Statistical Committee The Republic of Belarus.
The study plan provides for interviewing representatives of about six thousand randomly selected households. The national survey will cover the adult population of the country between the ages of 18 and 69 Respondents will be asked questions in order to gather information on the following risk factors for noncommunicable diseases: tobacco use, alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable consumption, daily physical activity, blood pressure . Anthropometric measurements will also be carried out: body weight, height, waist circumference. In addition, after receiving informed consent from the participant, a drop of capillary blood will be analyzed for glucose and cholesterol, and approximately 100 ml of urine will be taken to analyze the sodium and creatinine levels.
The obtained reliable and qualitative data on the prevalence of the main risk factors of NIH at the population level will allow us to reasonably plan the appropriate policy and develop effective measures for the prevention and control of NCDs in the Republic of Belarus.